There has been much disagreement about the attribution of both figures and landscape. The earliest London catalogue (1904) attributed the figures to Rottenhammer. Hendrick de Clerck has also been suggested. Ertz has wavered between attributing the landscape to Jan the Elder or the Younger. Werche says that the figures are Van Balen in around 1605-08 (which is also what Jost thought) so Jan the Younger cannot have done the landscape; it would be by Jan the Elder and/or his studio.